With the worldwide information security market predicted to reach $170 billion in 2022, this is obviously an area of significant risk to organisations and individuals. Organisations need to address these risks by considering all the areas that contribute to cyber risks. Unfortunately, the human element in cyber risk is often ignored while the systems are focused on.
Some of the major areas of human risk that could easily be considered and addressed, according to Jenny Reid, CEO of iFacts, are the following:
Onboarding of employees
During induction, the company policy regarding the misuse of company devices for personal use should be discussed and the following areas highlighted:
• Personal banking.
• Personal emails.
• Personal social media.
• Filing of personal information.
• Use of personal passwords.
• Installation of personal software.
These are just some of the issues that many people believe they have the right to do when working at a company and feel that they may use the company equipment for personal use. Unless the company policy is brought to their attention, they may not understand the risk they bring to the company.
Understanding information security
The average employee has a very limited understanding of information/cyber security and believes that is something that happens at a very high level and will never affect them. You merely need to read a magazine or watch a TV programme to see how easily people ‘give’ their money away and do not understand they have been scammed.
This should be highlighted in the induction process and there should be ongoing awareness training of the risks employees could be exposed to. Some of the areas to consider discussing are:
• Connecting devices to company computers, e.g. USB sticks.
• Phishing emails.
• Using unsecured networks.
• Storage of sensitive data.
Highlighting employee risk
Any company should have an employee screening policy to address the various levels of risk in an organisation and this should include integrity assessments to highlight the level of integrity of an individual coming to work in the organisation. An integrity assessment will assess the intention of an individual as opposed to verifying information about the individual’s past.
Employee screening should not be limited to pre-employment but should be an ongoing part of an employee’s life in the company. Risks change, from both a company perspective and an individual’s perspective, and various forms of lifestyle audits should be done on an ongoing basis.
Companies should also consider integrity training as a crucial part of their employee lifestyle as people are exposed to many levels of crime and corruption, and differentiating right from wrong can become a blurry issue for many.
Remember, where there are people, there is risk. Address it effectively.
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