classic | mobile
Follow us on:
Follow us on Facebook  Share via Twitter  Share via LinkedIn
 

Search...
Hi-Tech Security Solutions Business Directory
Residential Estate Security Handbook 2018


Biometrics for good governance
October 2009, Access Control & Identity Management

On a national scale, biometrics can form part of a solution to good governance when included in proven, well run processes.

Dr Jayant Kumar Banthia, chief technical advisor to the United Nations Fund for Population Activities (UNFPA) in Nigeria, presented the keynote at BiometriX 2009 examining the role of biometric technology in governance.

Dr Jayant Kumar Banthia
Dr Jayant Kumar Banthia

The UNFPA is a development agency that promotes the right of every human to enjoy a life of health and equal opportunity. To accomplish this, it promotes the development of national population data programmes for policies and programmes to reduce poverty, improve healthcare and engender respect.

Starting off, Banthia said there are there are several ways in which good governance can be described and measured. The World Bank has identified six parameters of good governance.

Voice and accountability: This measures the extent to which country’s citizens are able to participate in selecting their government, as well as freedom of expression, freedom of association, and a free media.

Political stability and absence of violence and terrorism: This measures the perceptions of the likelihood that the government will be destabilised or overthrown by unconstitutional or violent means, including domestic violence and terrorism.

Government effectiveness: The quality of public services, the quality of the civil service and the degree of its independence from political pressures, the quality of policy formulation and implementation, and the credibility of the government’s commitment to such policies.

Regulatory quality: Regulatory quality measures the ability of the government to formulate and implement sound policies and regulations that permit and promote private sector development.

Rule of law: The extent to which agents have confidence in and abide by the rules of society, in particular the quality of contract enforcement, the police, and the courts, as well as the likelihood of crime and violence.

Control of corruption: This control is the extent to which public power is exercised for private gain, including both petty and grand forms of corruption, as well as 'capture' of the state by élites and private interests.

The above is naturally far broader than the scope of the BiometriX conference. However, many of the services and social contracts that are supposed to be in place in modern countries, depend on the ability to accurately identify citizens and their specific environments and needs. Banthia noted that the state of civil registration in Africa and Asia leave a lot to be desired, as well as leaving many people outside the social welfare system. This means people are left without the legal status that birth registration confers, as well as education, international travel and property rights many people in advanced countries view as normal. The lack of death registrations leads to additional problems, including fraud as dead people still receive their pensions and so forth.

In the regions mentioned above, as well as some others, many people are born and die without leaving a trace in any legal record or official statistic and are therefore unable to attain the United Nations proclaimed right to a recorded name and nationality.

First World countries are already well ahead of the curve when it comes to keeping accurate records of citizens and migrant workers, and are able to offer the respective benefits thereof. Other countries are far behind, with the resultant human suffering. In these countries, biometric identification can fast track the registration process without requiring individuals to read and write.

When the rubber meets the road, however, the reality is that in vast projects such as this, biometrics is only a small, albeit crucial aspect of the solution. The full solution needs to be driven not from by vendors or aid agencies, but by national leaders committed to the six parameters of good corporate governance for the good of its citizens and their future.


  Share via Twitter   Share via LinkedIn      

Further reading:

  • IDEMIA introduces the MorphoWave Compact
    November 2018, IDEMIA , Access Control & Identity Management
    IDEMIA has released its new MorphoWave Compact by IDEMIA, its new contactless 3D fingerprint biometric terminal.
  • 2D barcode scanners
    November 2018, Excellent ID, Products, Access Control & Identity Management
    The latest-generation eSkan 2D barcode scanner from EXID includes a touchscreen that enables users to manually enter additional details.
  • Centurion hosts second Access Automation Expo
    November 2018, Centurion Systems, News, Access Control & Identity Management, Perimeter Security, Alarms & Intruder Detection
    Centurion Systems has taken its Access Automation Expo national, visiting Durban and Cape Town for the latest events.
  • MorphoWave Compact launched in SA
    November 2018, IDEMIA , This Week's Editor's Pick, Access Control & Identity Management, News
    IDEMIA South Africa recently invited partners, consultants and end-users to the official local launch of its touchless fingerprint reader, the MorphoWave Compact.
  • Smart city concepts
    November 2018, ZKTeco, Access Control & Identity Management
    The smart city concept integrates information and communication technology (ICT), and various physical devices connected to the network to optimise the efficiency of city operations.
  • A wave at biometrics
    November 2018, IDEMIA , Access Control & Identity Management, Products
    MorphoWave technology scans all four fingers in 3D with a simple wave of the hand, capturing 30% more data per finger than with traditional systems.
  • Suprema Xpass D2
    November 2018, Suprema, Access Control & Identity Management, Products
    Suprema’s latest access control trio, Xpass D2 series, for tough environments and outdoor installations, is optimised for centralised access control systems such as Suprema’s CoreStation.
  • Suprema CoreStation
    November 2018, Suprema, Access Control & Identity Management, Products
    CoreStation is an intelligent door controller that also manages fingerprint matching and biometric data storage under a secure location, providing greater flexibility when designing your security systems.
  • Suprema BioLite N2
    November 2018, Suprema, Access Control & Identity Management, Products
    Suprema BioLite N2 ticks off all the boxes when it comes to choosing a fast, accurate and robust access control and time attendance terminal that is suitable for just about anywhere.
  • Under-vehicle inspection
    November 2018, ZKTeco, Access Control & Identity Management, Products
    High performance business video system enables customers to do more with less, driving down the total cost of solutions.
  • Secure, wireless access control
    November 2018, Paxton Access, Access Control & Identity Management, Products
    Paxton has announced the launch of the PaxLock Pro, the latest addition to its range of wireless access control solutions, in conjunction with the new and improved Net2Air bridge, the connector to the Net2 wireless range.
  • ATOM T&A
    November 2018, Powell Tronics, Access Control & Identity Management, Products
    ATOM is a user friendly, intuitive, web-based time and attendance and biometric management solution available in four variants to suite customers’ requirements.

 
 
         
Contact:
Technews Publishing (Pty) Ltd
1st Floor, Stabilitas House
265 Kent Ave, Randburg, 2194
South Africa
Publications by Technews
Dataweek Electronics & Communications Technology
Electronic Buyers Guide (EBG)

Hi-Tech Security Solutions
Hi-Tech Security Business Directory (HSBD)

Motion Control in Southern Africa
Motion Control Buyers’ Guide (MCBG)

South African Instrumentation & Control
South African Instrumentation & Control Buyers’ Guide (IBG)
Other
Terms & conditions of use, including privacy policy
PAIA Manual
         
    Mobile | Classic

Copyright © Technews Publishing (Pty) Ltd. All rights reserved.