classic | mobile
Follow us on:
Follow us on Facebook  Share via Twitter  Share via LinkedIn
 

Search...
Hi-Tech Security Solutions Business Directory
Residential Estate Security Handbook 2018


Droning on about compliance
April 2018, CCTV, Surveillance & Remote Monitoring, Security Services & Risk Management

So you took the plunge and treated yourself to a drone and as soon as you could handle the controls and get it to fly without crashing, you thought: “Why not use it for security purposes?” It’s definitely a case of ‘buyer beware’ with drones though, and we urge you to read the legalities behind using a drone for security purposes.

Remotely piloted aircraft systems (RPAS), which are now popularly referred to as ‘drones’, have been used in South Africa since 1994 and quickly became the ‘toy’ of choice for many hobbyists who fancied themselves as amateur pilots. Now used for a variety of non-military/non-commercial tasks, including remote aerial photography, fishing (yes!) and voyeurism, drones come in a number of shapes, sizes, configurations and capabilities.

The South African Civil Aviation Authority (SACAA) regulates civil aviation activities to ensure acceptable levels of aviation safety and security within both the corporate and commercial sectors. In legislation promulgated on 1 July 2015, SA-CAR Part 101 outlines various types of operation, including restricted visual line of sight (R-VLOS), visual line of sight (VLOS), extended visual line of sight (E-VLOS), beyond visual line of sight (B-VLOS), operations in controlled airspace and operations at night.

SA-CAR Part 101 stipulates that only a person with a valid Remote Pilot Licence (RPL) and who is working for a registered aviation company (with a remote operating certificate – ROC), may operate a drone. These two factors alone, says Clint Steytler, director of flight operations at DC Geomatics and Drone Media, separate the men from the mice in professional drone operation.

While the drones operated by hobbyists are affordable, the larger, more complex drones used by professional operators are extremely expensive to own and maintain. Furthermore, obtaining an RPL is time-consuming and costly, and added to this are incidental costs, such as air service licences and the remote operating certificate. This is most likely why only 20 companies in South Africa have licences to professionally operate drones.

Wat kyk jy?

With regard to their use in security surveillance, there are certain limitations to the operation of a drone that impact on its use. Firstly, one needs to obtain prior permission to fly over an area, with special emphasis here on estates. Since drones normally have only a 20-30 minute battery life, operations requiring 24-hour surveillance would necessitate the use of a very expensive military drone, which has extended battery life. In a similar vein, the sensor which needs to be used for security footage can cost anywhere from a few thousand up to millions of Rands, making the technology inaccessible to many.

Drones may only be operated in weather conditions that allow unobstructed visual contact between the drone and other airspace users, as well as with the operator, unless they are to be used in B-VLOS or night operations specifically approved by SACAA. Public roads may not be used for landing or taking off, except in cases of civil defence or law enforcement operations as approved by SACAA.

General rules pertaining to commercial use of drones include the fact that they may not fly directly overhead any person or group of people within a lateral distance of 50 m unless approved by SACAA. In addition, no drone may be flown within a lateral distance of 50 m from a building or structure unless approved by SACAA and with permission from the owner. A functioning air-band radio must be used by the registered operator and should be tuned to the frequency of the air traffic unit controlling the area or airspace in question. In all instances of operation, the drone should have an appropriate separation from other aircraft.

“Estate managers wanting to employ a drone operator need to be aware that they will be responsible for ensuring that the operator complies with the requirements for drone operation under the SA-CAR Part 101. They must ensure that the privacy of residents/tenants is not compromised and that they will be jointly responsible, along with any illegal operator, for any damages incurred to property or person,” Steytler cautions.

Specialist use

Some mines and National Keypoints request day-night drone surveillance. It must be noted that there are currently only two companies that are permitted to operate drones at night. Steytler explains that any company wishing to operate a drone in the dark is required to display to SACAA, via an Operations Specification, that they wish to operate at night and they then undergo a rigorous accreditation process. The drones used for night-time operation are of the highest quality and have target location and thermal night vision capabilities to ensure complete accuracy and outstanding video and picture definition.

Steytler says that currently some of the larger mining operations are using drones for eye-in-the-sky footage of labour riots at a suitable distance that allows them to comply with the regulations. This footage allows them to see who the instigators are for further disciplinary action.

“The bottom line here is that organisations or estates wishing to employ the services of a drone operator, need to perform a due diligence on them and ensure that the necessary licensing and certification is in place. There is definitely a role for drones to play in security surveillance, but one needs to be aware of the legislation governing the use of the drones. Companies such as DC Geomatics are able to provide a turnkey solution as well as undertake eye-in-the-sky and emergency response operations, whereby we would send an incident report with the accompanying live feed,” says Steytler.


  Share via Twitter   Share via LinkedIn      

Further reading:

  • ASIS Security Technology Concepts day
    April 2019, Technews Publishing, This Week's Editor's Pick, Security Services & Risk Management
    ASIS SA kicked the tyres of a few technologies at its first Security Technology Concepts day in February.
  • Securing a reliable source of backup power
    April 2019, Drensky Technologies, Mustek Security Technologies, Specialised Battery Systems, Security Services & Risk Management
    Dependence on a reliable and stable source of electrical power is a part of everyday life, whether for an individual or a business.
  • The value of having a maintenance contract or SLA
    April 2019, Johnson Controls, Mustek Security Technologies, Security Services & Risk Management
    A maintenance contract or SLA offers a company peace of mind regarding the functioning of their security installation.
  • Is everything-as-a-service worth it?
    April 2019, iPulse Systems, Verifier, CCTV, Surveillance & Remote Monitoring, Integrated Solutions
    Security-as-a-service seems like a good idea to reduce technology and labour expenses. Hi-Tech Security Solutions find out more.
  • Watching the game
    April 2019, Technews Publishing, Pelco by Schneider Electric, Dallmeier Electronic Southern Africa , Entertainment and Hospitality (Industry), CCTV, Surveillance & Remote Monitoring
    Video surveillance plays a larger role in the casino market than simply watching people gambling and trying to catch pickpockets.
  • Video observation in the hotel industry
    March 2019, Dallmeier Electronic Southern Africa , Entertainment and Hospitality (Industry), CCTV, Surveillance & Remote Monitoring
    The best is just good enough: Hamburg's new luxury hotel The Fontenay relies on video security technology from Dallmeier.
  • 2 MP Starlight fixed camera
    April 2019, Longse Distribution, Products, CCTV, Surveillance & Remote Monitoring
    With the help of the Longse Starlight cameras, darkness becomes visible and your properties can always be kept under control.
  • New surveillance app
    April 2019, Longse Distribution, CCTV, Surveillance & Remote Monitoring, Products
    Longse Technology’s research and development team created a cloud app platform called Bitvision to monitor XVR/NVR cameras over the cloud.
  • Intelligent IP video systems
    April 2019, CCTV, Surveillance & Remote Monitoring
    Mobotix uses high-performance industrial FPGAs (Field Programmable Gate Arrays) for its hardware and image generation chains, providing reliable protection for the user.
  • Cathexis wraps up successful national roadshow
    April 2019, Cathexis Technologies, This Week's Editor's Pick, CCTV, Surveillance & Remote Monitoring, News, Conferences & Events, Training & Education
    Cathexis Technologies successfully concluded its national CathexisVision Roadshow. With events held in Durban, Port Elizabeth, Johannesburg and Cape Town.
  • Biodegradable security seals for SA
    April 2019, TruSeal, This Week's Editor's Pick, Asset Management, EAS, RFID, News, Security Services & Risk Management
    The new TruSeal product extension is produced from a special biodegradable material sourced from Malaysia.
  • Cam Era signs first franchisee
    April 2019, Technews Publishing, News, CCTV, Surveillance & Remote Monitoring
    After announcing the launch of its franchise business opportunity last year (https://www.securitysa.com/61103n), Cam Era has announced the signing of its first franchisee.

 
 
         
Contact:
Technews Publishing (Pty) Ltd
1st Floor, Stabilitas House
265 Kent Ave, Randburg, 2194
South Africa
Publications by Technews
Dataweek Electronics & Communications Technology
Electronic Buyers Guide (EBG)

Hi-Tech Security Solutions
Hi-Tech Security Business Directory (HSBD)

Motion Control in Southern Africa
Motion Control Buyers’ Guide (MCBG)

South African Instrumentation & Control
South African Instrumentation & Control Buyers’ Guide (IBG)
Other
Terms & conditions of use, including privacy policy
PAIA Manual
         
    Mobile | Classic

Copyright © Technews Publishing (Pty) Ltd. All rights reserved.