Proprietary is so yesterday, today it is all about convergence: As systems become more open and interface standards evolve, the lines between logical and physical security systems are becoming increasingly blurred. These days, by combining IT security and physical building security as well as networking security systems with operational IT applications, it is possible to create comprehensive concepts to address every possible aspect of corporate security.
Video systems are used for traditional surveillance tasks, and thus help to ensure security, serve as a deterrent, and for investigating incidents of theft, burglary or vandalism. With intelligent video analysis, suspicious situations can be detected automatically and security personnel alerted to the specific circumstances (eg, a suitcase left unsupervised on a railway station platform), and they offer many other possibilities, such as counting vehicles and people.
But even these traditional functions of video security are far surpassed by the options that become available with a network-based video system. Nowadays, with open platforms and interface standards it is easy to integrate IP video in third-party systems and create yet further added value as a host of new application opportunities are revealed. In particular, video systems are often integrated in IT security systems or operational IT applications.
Total corporate security
As a result of the latest technological developments, the disciplines of video security and IT are becoming more and more closely entwined. For example, the proprietary CCTV installations are becoming open systems, which not only make it easier for the IP-based security systems of different manufacturers to interact, now they are also being integrated in IT security systems.
The most significant factor in this trend has been the development of standardised interfaces, for example the Open Network Video Interface Forum (ONVIF). The declared intention of ONVIF is to establish a global interface standard for network video products. This enables devices from an enormous variety of manufacturers to be used together in a system. But besides this, ONVIF also facilitates the integration of video components in other systems, such as IT security systems, access control, fire protection, cash register systems and much more.
What this interconnection may look like is illustrated vividly by the convergence area – a development community that is working actively to remove the boundaries between individual logical and physical security systems and create a concept for total corporate security: from identity management to sophisticated access control mechanisms and even on-demand video surveillance.
An important component of such corporate security is the video system by Dallmeier. The video system can be integrated seamlessly in the overall solution. Video monitoring is triggered on-demand by the other IT system components: for example, if the access control system reports activity at one of the doors, or if a high-security server with sensitive data reports suspicious activity, the live images that are being captured are automatically recorded.
In this way, the video system is networked with other components, such as central identity management system or an access control and ID management system. At the same time, the identity management system initiates the creation of a range of access rights in the other IT systems, and transfers the necessary data to the convergence solution. Multifunctional ID badges fulfil the role of visual proof, access control, time logging and IT access. Thus, an employee can only log onto his computer if he is also registered as being physically present in the corresponding building area, that is to say, his ID card has been registered at the door.
Besides serving as an automatic verification of presence when sensitive data is accessed and ID-based release of documents at printers, many other security mechanisms can also be implemented. Video surveillance is also an important tool in redundant visual controls and is activated as necessary by the upstream IT system components.
Added value for customers
One of the most important beneficiaries of this merging of the video and IT disciplines is the customer, with the development of integrated industry-specific solutions. For example, video systems linked to cash register data are used widely in the retail industry, enabling video images to be searched according to many different criteria. In logistics, the latest video-RFID integrations add considerable value in questions surrounding process optimisation and documentation of the transfer of risk.
And here too, the video images are linked with the data of the respective other system, for example with data from a check-out operation. So, if irregularities are detected in the business process, this data too can be used to search the recorded video images without having to know the exact time when the incident took place. In this way, video systems are evolving increasingly into information systems with added value, and are also supporting and optimising business processes.
© Technews Publishing (Pty) Ltd | All Rights Reserved