Risk investigation and AI (free booklet)

Issue 1 2021 News

The ISIO (International Security Industry Organisation) and the IFPO (International Foundation of Protection Officers) have endorsed a new booklet, AI: Merging Technologies and Manpower for Security Criminology-Risk Investigation Management. The publication is available free at the link below.

As the security industry enters the Fourth Industrial Revolution by merging technology with manpower, all practitioners will be involved one way or another with AI (artificial intelligence) and therefore need to know what it is, how it works and how best to get the most out of it.

Millions of perpetrators are in a constant state of trying to beat the security system, which consists of technology and manpower. The vulnerability landscape is changing at a rapid rate because of this number of assailants trying to conceive new types of crime, the methods to accomplish their missions, or copying and perhaps updating or improving existing criminal methods to achieve their objectives.

The instrument is only as good as the user

The practitioner needs to out-think and outsmart the perpetrator and therefore needs to use critical situational awareness thinking. This thinking process needs to comprehend intimately the full nature of the beast in order to select the appropriate technology and layer the manpower by skillsets to limit the level of collateral damage.

Based on the principle, “security success depends on the level of situational awareness of the people on the ground (decision-makers) and their reaction speed,” the practitioner can use a variety of technologies to avoid deadly outcomes. Reaction speed is vital when a person is detected lying motionless on the ground, for example. The appropriate technology that can speedily summon help would most certainly save lives.

The situation

Already, many are, in some fashion, using AI, be it the security officers on the ground, crime analysts or investigators. There are AI systems at border control protecting the perimeter of the entire country and controlling the inflow and outflow of people. Safer cities are being upgraded with technology and new-aged cities are springing up that are being run and managed with state-of-the-art technology. These cities and neighbourhoods all have video analytics that are in a constant state of observation by watching for ‘predictable’ incidents.

Impacted by the pandemic

The lockdown because of the active biological threat of COVID-19 got the IT people focused on the same goal of finding solutions from their perspective. They went to market, making social distancing detection and mask detection software. These do not serve much purpose, for many reasons, and furthermore can be dangerous if linked to a sound alarm, because panic can lead to deadly outcomes.

AI being used in this sector does require IT specialists, but also security and criminology-investigation professionals, because both intellects are required to ensure the AI system is built for purpose. The reason is that the surge of crime, be it new crime or evolving copycat crime, will continue because of the pandemic and the outcome of the pandemic – being the economic meltdown.

There are many companies that have already purchased the ‘bells and whistles’, but are not getting anything out of it; or, some are using technology that is frowned upon and some are using illegitimate technology. They may go as far as to lay the blame squarely on the software designers, but this is not the issue.

The free downloadable booklet (link below) describes what AI is, how it works, and how to get the most out of AI. The principles and the formulas along with the scenarios give the users a method to conventionalise the framework to consider what technology and layered manpower are best suited for a project. This is because security is not a one-size-fits-all kind of thing.

The booklet gives direction on the types of information resources to consider which could be technologies that can secure the evidence and provide proof of the fact. By identifying the pattern quickly and following the pattern, the investigator can then select remedies in the form of technology or skilled manpower to limit the level of collateral damage.

The above and more is outlined in the booklet, AI: Merging Technologies and Manpower for Security Criminology-Risk Investigation Management, which is available here

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